POLITICAL MYTHS USED TO DELEGITIMISE GAMBLING IN UKRAINE
Keywords:Political myth, public regulation, gambling, lottery, gambling market operator, illegal gambling establishment, casino, regulator, player, player protection, responsible gambling.
The process of gambling market legalization in Ukraine following more than eleven years of statutory ban on the organization of all types of gambling, except for lotteries, encounters opposition from both the shadow economy and politicians and officials, who, in addition to objective reasons for their interest in this political issue, may be involved in the rent-seeking behaviour due to the existing status quo. Now that the Law of Ukraine “On State Regulation of Activities in the Organization and Conduct of Gambling” adopted in July and effective from 13 August 2020 has defined the general framework of the regulatory model equating all gambling types and obliging operators to obtain relevant licenses, the leverage over the market ended up in the hands of the National Regulator (CRGL). Therefore, the state budget began to receive revenue from the gambling market, avoiding corruption flows. That is one of the reasons the emerging gambling market faced quite serious resistance at a number of levels, from the Parliament to local governments which, lacking access to hard cash, collect reputational bonuses from the exploitation of populist slogans to ban the organization and conduct of gambling in their jurisdictions despite the specialized Law. In order to deflate such opposition, joint efforts of both the legislative (at the level of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine) and executive power (represented by law enforcement agencies and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine), as well as industry associations uniting legal operators are needed. In turn, public policy on gambling requires significant adaptation and reform in order to come as close as possible to the country’s present-day realities, as well as increase the level of compliance with international practice. For better understanding and planning of adaptation and reform, the examination of both the market and the changes taking place therein, including sociological studies enabling more adequate public and regional policies on gambling, is required.
Law of Ukraine “On Licensing of Certain Types of Economic Activity” No. 98/96-ВР – URL:
Law of Ukraine “On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine” No. 1334-VI – URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1334-17#Text – URL:
Law of Ukraine “On State Regulation of Activities on Organising and Conducting Gambling” No. 768-IX – URL:
Batkivshchyna will vote against the legalization of gambling in Ukraine, – Tymoshenko – URL: https://glavcom.ua/news/250303-
Batkivshchyna will appeal the law on the legalization of gambling with the Constitutional Court – URL:
In the run-up to local elections, the issue of gambling is used for political speculation – URL: https://delo.ua/econonomyandpoliticsinukraine/chtomeshaet-bystromu-zapusku-igornogo-biznesa-372129/
How does the gambling business affect other economy sectors in Ukraine? – URL:
Alan Vajx. Entsiklopediya azartnykh igr [Encyclopaedia of gambling]. М., Efrat, 1999
KovtunYe. Pravovoye regulirovaniye igornogo biznesa v Ukraine i sopredelnykh gosudarstvakh [Legal regulation of the gambling business in Ukraine and neighbouring states]. K.: ZAO IG-R-OK, 2008
Gosudarstvo i azartnyye igry (ocherki sovremennosti) [The State and gambling (essays of modernity)]: textbook for university students / S.G. Osyka. – K.: Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, 2013.
Hyshchuk R. M., Boiko I. D. Osoblyvosti funktsionuvannia hralnoho biznesu v yevropeiskykh krainakh ta yikhnii dosvidu konteksti rozvytku turyzmu v Ukraini [Peculiarities of the gambling business in European countries and their experiences in the context of tourism development in Ukraine] – URL: http://chtei-knteu.cv.ua/herald_en/content/download/archive/2017/v1-2/NV-2017-v1-2_27.pdf
Junket Tour – URL: https://tourlib.net/statti_otdyh/junket-tour.htm
Pravove rehuliuvannia hralnoho biznesu: yevropeiskyi dosvid, praktyka postradianskykh krain, perspektyvy Ukrainy [Gambling business legal regulation: European experience, expertise of postSoviet countries, and the outlook for Ukraine] / Under general editorship of I. Serhiienko, R. Khorolskyi, Yu. Ivashchenko. – K.: Kyi Publishing House, 2015
Izryadnova O. I. Analiz mirovoy praktiki gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya deyatelnosti v sfere azartnykh igr i praktiki upravleniya igornymi zonami [Analysis of world’s best practice of public gambling regulation and management of gambling zones] – URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2767341
Parimatch is the official sponsor of Chornomorets FC – URL: https://interfax.com.ua/news/pressrelease/757517.html
Parimatch is the official sponsor of Kryvbas FC – URL: https://www.0564.ua/news/3182052/parimatchoficijnij-sponsor-fk-krivbas
Parimatch became the official sponsor of Chelsea FC – URL: https://chelseablues.ru/news/parimatch_stal_sponsoro m_futbolnogo_kluba_chelsi/2021-08-09-72955
FavBet betting company became the title sponsor of UPL – URL: https://footballua.tv/news/71078-upl-poluchilatitulnogo-sponsora
Decision of CRGL No. 482 dated 11.08.2021 “On Approval of the Regulations on Receiving, Processing and Responding to Reports of Violations in the Field of Gambling” – URL: https://gc.gov.ua/files/Richenya/2021/08/R-482.pdf
The first independent public opinion survey “Attitudes of Ukrainians to Gambling” – URL: https://uagc.org.ua/tpost/ytsdafein1-ugc-prezentuvalapershe-nezalezhne-sotso
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
A work licensed in this way allows the following:
1. The freedom to use and perform the work: The licensee must be allowed to make any use, private or public, of the work.
2. The freedom to study the work and apply the information: The licensee must be allowed to examine the work and to use the knowledge gained from the work in any way. The license may not, for example, restrict "reverse engineering."
2. The freedom to redistribute copies: Copies may be sold, swapped or given away for free, in the same form as the original.